- The Butler Act stated that it was illegal to teach evolution in Tennessee (1925).
- John Scopes was a Christian who took the Bible seriously but believed that 6-day Creation might not be literal.
- Scopes’s defense attorney (Clarence Darrow) was a liberal lawyer who wanted him to lose. (His own side wanted him to lose.)
- Scopes’s prosecution (William Jennings Bryan) wanted him to win. (The side against him wanted him to win).
- Darrow prevented Scopes from giving a closing statement and even asked Scopes to be found guilty.
- Bryan paid for Scopes’s fine ($100; worth more now) for losing the case and died 5 days later.