Basically, the scientific method is creating a hypothesis that is:
- and Falsifiable
Then checking it.
An even shorter way to describe the scientific method is to say it is “operant” or “experimental”. That is, one may operate on a hypothesis to check it. Some think that a certain field of study is science because they can observe and measure the possible effects indirectly or measure secondary effects. However, these criteria would make it forensic (historical) science because of their anachronistic/inductive nature.*
*In fact, if pushed to their epistemic limits, all of these criteria (including the criteria of “repeatability”) may be considered forensic because of their inductive presupposition.