The Scriptural Basis for “Jesus as God.”

I. Direct
II. Inferred
III. Indirect
IV. Church Fathers
V. Secular Sources
 
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I. Direct

~Thomas said to [Jesus], “My Lord and my God!”~
(Jn. 20:28)

 
Rom. 9:5
Tts. 2:13
2Pet. 1:1

. . .

II. Inferred

–Word–
“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.”
(Jn. 1:1)

[cf. Jn. 1:14,18 / Jn. 3:16 (Also, “only begotten” is used exclusively in verses 1:18 and 3:16)]
Note: In Ancient Greek it actually ends with “…and God was the Word” (καὶ θεὸς ἦν ὁ λόγος). Therefore, “God” is actually the subject of the sentence and not just a qualitative attribute of “the Word”; they are literally the same entity.

–Lord = LORD–
Deut. 6:5 / Mat. 22:37
(cf. Neh. 9:6 / Act. 4: 24; John 13:13)
Note: The Hebrew tetragrammaton (YHWH) is found nowhere in the New Testament. It is instead translated to the Greek word “Kyrios” (κύριος) and is used frequently in reference to Jesus (especially when quoting the Old Testament).

–I AM–
Ex. 3:14 / Lev. 24:16 / Jn. 8:58-59
(cf. Mark 6:50; Mark 14:62 / Jn. 10:33 / Gen. 48:15; Isa. 63:16)
Note: The Greek translation of the Old Testament (the Septuagint) translates “I Am” to “ego eimi” (ἐγὼ εἰμί); a name particular to Jesus.

–Name–
Jn. 1:12 / Isa. 12:4 / Mat. 28:19 / Php. 2:9
Joe. 2:32 / Rom. 10:9-13
(cf. Act. 4:12 / Ps. 8:1)
Note: In the Greek, the Name (in Mat. 28:19) is the Father, is the Son, and is the Holy Spirit.

–Immanuel–
Isa. 9:6 / Mt. 1:23
-Mighty God-
Isa. 10:21; Isa. 49:26
-Everlasting Father-
Jn. 5:18; Jn. 10:30 / Isa. 63:16 / Mat. 23:9

–Son of God–
Ps. 45:6-7 / Heb. 1:8-9
1Jn. 5:20
(cf. Jn. 3:16 etc.)

–Alpha & Omega / First & Last–
Rev. 22:13; Rev. 1:17-18 / Isa. 44:6; Rev. 2:8
(cf. Rev. 1:8; Rev. 22:13,16 / Isa. 41:4; Isa. 48:12)

–King of Kings / Lord of Lords–
Deut. 10:17 / Rev. 17:14
(cf. Ps. 136:3,26; 1 Tim. 6:15 / Rev. 19:16

–Temple–
Jn. 2:9; Rev. 21:22

–Savior/Redeemer–
Isa. 45:21 / Act. 4:12 / 2 Pet. 1:1
Isa. 33:22 / Act. 2:38 / Jud. 1:25
(cf. Ps. 118:21; Isa 41:14; Isa 43:14; Isa. 47:4; Isa. 48:17; Isa. 49:7)

–Rock–
Isa. 44:8 / 1 Co. 10:4
(cf. 1Sam. 2:2; Ps. 62:2,6 / Mat. 16:18)

–Judge/Law Giver–
Isa. 33:22 / Js. 4:12 / Jn. 5:22
(cf. Jer. 25:31; Ez. 20:35 / 2 Tim. 4:1; Rom. 2:16 / Mt. 7:28-29; Jn. 14:15,21,23)
Note: When dictating the Law, Jesus did not defer and say “thus saith the Lord” as the prophets did.

–Creator–
Gen. 1:1 / Isa. 44:24 / Jn. 1:1; Col. 1:16

–Worshiped–
Ps 95:6-7 / Matt. 4:10; Luke 4:8 / Phil. 2:10 / Rom. 14:11
(cf. Ex. 34:14; Deut. 10:20; Deut. 13:4; 2Kings 17:36; Isa. 26:13; Rev. 19:10; Rev. 22:9; / Mat. 2:2; Mat. 2:11; Mat. 14:33; Mat. 28:9; Jn. 9:35-38; Heb. 1:6; Rev. 5:13)

–John Prepares Way–
Isa. 40:3 / Mat. 3:3; Mk. 1:3; Luk. 3:4; Jn. 1:23

. . .

III. Indirect

–One With Father–
“I and the Father are One.”
(John 10:30)

(cf. Deut. 6:4, Jn. 14:1, Phil. 2:6-9)
Note: That is, 1 in essence, 3 in action.

–Trinity–
Elohiym (Gen. 1:26), The Name (Mat. 28:19), Godhead (Col. 2:9-10)
Note: For more on the Trinity, click here.

–Is The Image–
Jn. 1:18; Jn. 14:9; Heb. 1:3; Col. 1:15
(cf. Mat. 11:27)
Note: Not “in the image.”

–Son of Man–
Pro. 30:4 / Jn. 3:13
(cf. Dan. 7:13; Dan. 10:16 / Eph. 4:10)

–Angel of the LORD–
Ge. 16:10-13; Ge. 22:16-17; Ge. 31:11-13; Ex. 3:2-6; Ex. 23:20-22; Num. 22:35-38; Jdg. 2:1-2; Jdg. 6:12-14; Jdg. 13:9-22
Note: The “Angel of the LORD” speaks as God without saying “thus saith the LORD.”

–Made Sin–
Isa. 53:6 / 2 Cor. 5:21

–Forgives Sins–
Isa. 43:25 / Mch 7:18 / Mk. 2:5-7, 10-11

–Heals–
Ps. 103:3 / Mat. 4:23

–Gives Eternal Life–
1Jn. 5:11-12 / Jn. 10:27-28

–Own Blood–
Eph. 1:7 / Act. 20:28 / Rev. 5:9

–Good–
Mat. 19:17; Lk. 18:19; Mk. 10:17-18 / Jn. 10:11
(cf. Ps. 86:5)
Note: Throughout the OT and NT God speaks using rhetorical devices such as questions. The answer is usually “of course,” yet God states it as a question because it isn’t apparent to the person to whom He’s speaking. Though even without knowing this Jesus is either saying, “I’m no good” or He is saying, “I am God.”

–Riding on Clouds–
Ps. 68:4 / Mk. 14:62

–Shepherd–
Ez. 34:15 / Heb. 13:20
(cf. Gen. 48:15; Ps. 23:1; Isa. 40:11; Zec. 9:16 / Jn. 10:11,14; Rev. 7:17; Rev. 19:15)

–Provides “Himself” a Lamb–
Gen. 22:8,14

–Light–
Ps. 27:1 / Jn. 1:9

. . .

IV. Early Church Fathers

For a list of Church Fathers and references to Jesus as God, click here.

 
. . .

V. Secular Sources
  • Pliny the Younger
    (Or Gaius Plinius Caecilius Secundus, c. 61-c. 113), who in A.D. 111-113 was the governor of Bithynia in Asia Minor, wrote to Emperor Trajan for advice in how to deal with Christians. The passage that is of interest is found in his Epistles book 10, letter 96:

    They [the Christians] assured me that the sum total of their error consisted in the fact that they regularly assembled on a certain day before daybreak. They recited a hymn antiphonally to Christus as to a god and bound themselves with an oath not to commit any crime, but to abstain from theft, robbery, adultery, breach of faith, and embezzlement of property entrusted to them. After this it was their custom to separate, and then to come together again to partake of a meal, but an ordinary and innocent one.

  • Lucian of Samosata
    (c. A.D. 115-c. 200) refers to Jesus. According to Passing of Peregrinus 11:

    Christians . . . revered him as a god, used him as a lawgiver, and set him down as a protector–to be sure, after that other whom they still worship, the man who was crucified in Palestine because he introduced this new cult into the world.

     

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