Israel – History & Prophecy

 
Maps:


-For more maps of ancient Israel, click here.
-For more maps of the modern Israel, click here.
-For a map of ancient “Greater Israel” click here.
-For maps of modern “Greater Israel” click here.

. . .
“The Jews,” said Rousseau, “afford an astonishing spectacle. The laws of Solon, Numa, and Lycurgus are dead; those of Moses, much more ancient, continue to live. Athens, Sparta, and Rome have perished and left no offspring on the earth. But Zion, destroyed, has not lost her children; they are preserved, they multiply, they spread throughout the world…. They mingle with all peoples, yet are not confused with them; they have no rulers, yet they are always a people…. What must have been the force of a legislator capable of effecting such marvels! Of all the systems of legislation now known to us, only this one has undergone all tests, has always been steadfast.”
(Durant, Will. “Chapter XXV: The Jews: 1715-89: I. The Struggle for Existence,” Rousseau and Revolution.)
. . .

  • Interesting Facts:
    – The Jews are the oldest people/culture to survive ever even to this day (4000 years).
    – The Jews have been through every great empire and survived (mostly without a land of their own).
    – The Jews are the only ones to retain a dead language (Hebrew), revive it, and use it to this day.
    – The Jews are the only ones who did not have an evolving religion even when surrounded by pagan nations.
    – The Jews have had astounding records of scientific and agricultural knowledge and advancement.
    – The Jews have been badly outnumbered in several wars in modern times yet have miraculously won every time.

    Videos:

    -For a more lighthearted history of Israel as a whole, click here.
    -For mapped territories of empires throughout history click here.
    -For the story of the 1947 vote in the United Nations click here.
    -And for a short history of modern Israel, click here.

    (More Videos)
    Is Israel an Apartheid State?
    The Middle East Problem
    Borders and Security
    Borders and Security 2
    Indivisible Jerusalem

    Timeline:

    ———- 4004+ B.C.: Creation ———-

    | Description: God created the entire universe (heavens, earth, man) in 6 literal and consecutive days. Adam and Eve committed the first sin and all the cosmos (mankind in particular) suffers the consequences; though not without a redemptive promise (Gen. 3:15). The late scientist Henry Morris believes that these records were actually written (or orally transmitted) by Adam and his sons (all the way down to Joseph) then later annotated by Moses. It is also interesting to note that archaeologists have found an iron blade dated back to 2700 B.C. (long before the iron age but agrees with Gen. 4:22) and Babylonian and Egyptian writings that concur with the long life-spans (such as mentioned in the lineages of Gen. 5).

    | Prophecy: Most people don’t notice, but the first prophecies to be fulfilled were actually in Genesis 3 as short-term prophecies. After the fall, God said that women would have birth pains, man would sweat during work, and mankind as a whole would suffer physical death.

    • To the woman he said, “I will greatly increase your pains in childbearing; with pain you will give birth to children. Your desire will be for your husband, and he will rule over you.” (Genesis 3:16)
    • By the sweat of your brow you will eat your food until you return to the ground, since from it you were taken; for dust you are and to dust you will return.” (Genesis 3:19)

    ———- 2500-2100 B.C.: Flood ———-

    | Description: Just a few (long-lasting) generations from Adam was a time so immoral that God said “every inclination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil all the time.” (Gen. 6:5) So God sent a mighty flood to cover the entire earth, so large it took a year for the waters to recede. By God’s grace, Noah and his family were spared to give humanity another chance. This event was likely to have occurred around 2300 B.C. and has been attested by virtually every ancient culture around the world, though most objectively detailed in the Biblical account.

    | Prophecy: There were a few short-term prophecies fulfilled here. God told Noah that He would destroy the earth, save his family, and never bring a global flood again. Today we see evidence of hydrologic sorting in the rock layers brought forth by a flood, the continued survival of man, and rainbows in the sky (a sign which would have been impossible in an antediluvian water vapor atmosphere).

    • So God said to Noah, “I am going to put an end to all people, for the earth is filled with violence because of them. I am surely going to destroy both them and the earth. (Genesis 6:13)
    • But I will establish my covenant with you [Noah], and you will enter the ark–you and your sons and your wife and your sons’ wives with you. (Genesis 6:18)
    • I will remember my covenant between me and you and all living creatures of every kind. Never again will the waters become a flood to destroy all life. Whenever the rainbow appears in the clouds, I will see it and remember the everlasting covenant between God and all living creatures of every kind on the earth.” (Genesis 9:15-16)

    ———- 2100-1550 B.C.: Patriarchs ———-

    | Description: After a few more generations after Noah were the times of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, the fathers of the tribe of Israel. During the Old Assyrian Empire’s rule, Abraham was called by God to leave the land of Ur III (likely at the time of King Ur-Nammu) in Mesopotamia. Abraham and his wife Sarah gave birth to Isaac then he and his wife Rebekah gave birth to Jacob. God gave Jacob the name Israel because he would be the father of the 12 tribes called the ‘Israelites’. Thousands of tablets, which archaeologists have recovered, have shown historical agreement in the areas of literacy and language (Ebla), names and legality (Mari), and civil contracts and customs (Nuzi), during this time.

    | Prophecy: God made two types of promises that would later be fulfilled; one short-term and one long-term. He promised Abraham that he and Sarah would have a baby even past their old age (short-term) and He promised the patriarchs that they would have a land and people of their own which would never cease to be. The short-term promise we only see revealed in the Scriptures, but the long-term promise we see being fulfilled to this day. The Jewish people have survived the greatest empires and the greatest persecutions, yet have lived on to this day. A proof that can be extra-Biblically validated.

    • Then the LORD said, “I will surely return to you about this time next year, and Sarah your wife will have a son.” Now Sarah was listening at the entrance to the tent, which was behind him. Abraham and Sarah were already old and well advanced in years, and Sarah was past the age of childbearing. (Genesis 18:10-11)
    • Now the LORD was gracious to Sarah as he had said, and the LORD did for Sarah what he had promised. Sarah became pregnant and bore a son to Abraham in his old age, at the very time God had promised him. (Genesis 21:1-2)
    • “And I will give unto you, and to your seed after you, the land where you are a stranger, all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession; and I will be their God.” And God said unto Abraham, “You shall keep my covenant therefore, you, and your seed after you in their generations.” (Genesis 17:8-9)

    ———- 1550-1200 B.C.: Exodus from Egypt ———-

    | Description: After fears of a famine (and events involving Israel’s son Joseph), Israel and his family (now 70 members) sojourned to Egypt to be preserved. In terms of archaeology, early trading and diplomacy are evident between Egypt and Israel (seen in findings such as the Story of Sinuhe). When they first arrived there was mutual respect between them and the Pharaoh, but after the Israelites’ overwhelming growth, numerous political and religious disagreements, and a new Pharaoh, Moses led the Israelites back to the land they had been promised. Egyptian influence on the Israelites is evident with the finding of an embalmed and mummified body in Shechem (thought by some to be Joseph himself). In the promised land (in what was then called Canaan), they fought the peoples there and gained large control over the region.

    | Prophecy: Here there are a couple notable prophecies that were fulfilled. The long-term prophecy was one God made with Abraham, while he was asleep, stating their bondage in a foreign land and exodus with great possessions. The short term prophecy which God fulfilled was that Pharaoh would be hardhearted and deny the Israelites from leaving; leading to the infamous and miraculous “10 Plagues” on Egypt. Both of these prophecies eventually made God known to the Israelites as the One who led them “out of Egypt.”

    • Then the LORD said to him, “Know for certain that your descendants will be strangers in a country not their own, and they will be enslaved and mistreated four hundred years. But I will punish the nation they serve as slaves, and afterward they will come out with great possessions.” (Genesis 15:13-14)
    • “Now the length of time the Israelite people lived in Egypt was 430 years. At the end of the 430 years, to the very day, all the LORD’s divisions left Egypt. Because the LORD kept vigil that night to bring them out of Egypt, on this night all the Israelites are to keep vigil to honor the LORD for the generations to come.” (Exodus 12:40-42)
    • “Go, assemble the elders of Israel and say to them, ‘The Lord, the God of your fathers—the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob—appeared to me and said: I have watched over you and have seen what has been done to you in Egypt. And I have promised to bring you up out of your misery in Egypt into the land of the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Perizzites, Hivites and Jebusites—a land flowing with milk and honey.’ The elders of Israel will listen to you. Then you and the elders are to go to the king of Egypt and say to him, ‘The Lord, the God of the Hebrews, has met with us. Let us take a three-day journey into the desert to offer sacrifices to the Lord our God.’ But I know that the king of Egypt will not let you go unless a mighty hand compels him. So I will stretch out my hand and strike the Egyptians with all the wonders that I will perform among them. After that, he will let you go. And I will make the Egyptians favorably disposed toward this people, so that when you leave you will not go empty-handed. Every woman is to ask her neighbor and any woman living in her house for articles of silver and gold and for clothing, which you will put on your sons and daughters. And so you will plunder the Egyptians.” (Exodus 3:16-22)

    ———- 1200-1000 B.C.: Canaan & Judges ———-

    | Description: Even though the Israelites gained control over the land of Canaan, there were still numerous peoples and empires fighting for control. The findings of many Canaanite idols and tribal groups attest to the likely contentions that would erupt there. Because of this, and the fact that Israel was a Theocracy unguided by organized governmental control, God “raised up judges, who saved them out of the hands of these raiders.” (Jg. 2:16) The judges included Othniel, Ehud, Shamgar, Deborah, Gideon, Tola, Jair, Jephthah, Ibzan, Elon, Abdon, and the famous Samson. They fought and defeated the peoples of Aram Naharaim, Moab, Canaan, Midian, and Philistia.

    | Prophecy: God had given the Israelites His divine authority to claim the promised land through Moses, so all they had to do was go to battle and God would deliver them.

    • He will give their kings into your hand, and you will wipe out their names from under heaven. No one will be able to stand up against you; you will destroy them. (Deuteronomy 7:24)
    • “I will establish your borders from the Red Sea to the Sea of the Philistines, and from the desert to the River. I will hand over to you the people who live in the land and you will drive them out before you.” (Exodus 23:31)
    • “Remember the command that Moses the servant of the LORD gave you: ‘The LORD your God is giving you rest and has granted you this land.'” (Joshua 1:13)

    ———- 1000-900 B.C.: Zionist Monarchy ———-

    | Description: After the period of the judges had ended and Israel was at peace with its enemies for the most part, the Israelites became jealous of their neighbor’s monarchical government and wanted a king to replace the tribal Theocracy they had in place. Saul was chosen to be the first king but became corrupt and was replaced by David. David was succeeded by his son Solomon and from there Israel had a schism in 922 B.C. and was divided into the Kingdom of Judah (the “Jews”; composed of the tribes of Judah and Benjamin) and the Kingdom of Israel (composed of the remaining 10 tribes). Two notable findings in archaeology include the Tel Dan inscription (a stela which talks about the “House of David”) and a wall built by King Solomon.

    | Prophecy: When King David decides that he will build a house for God, God speaks through the prophet Nathan and says that David will have a son whom will build the Temple and God will instead make David’s house everlasting (meaning that the Messiah will come through his genealogical line). We later find that son to be Solomon and the latter part of the prophecy fulfilled through Jesus.

    • “When your days are complete and you lie down with your fathers, I will raise up your descendant after you, who shall come forth from you, and I will establish his kingdom. He shall build a house for My name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. I will be a father to him and he will be a son to Me; when he commits iniquity, I will correct him with the rod of men and the strokes of the sons of men, but My lovingkindness will not depart from him, as I took it away from Saul, whom I removed before you. And your house and your kingdom shall endure before Me forever; your throne shall be established forever.” (2 Samuel 7:12-16)

    ———- 900-538 B.C.: Assyrian & Babylonian Empires ———-

    | Description: After much internal strife the Jews became disobedient and faithless. This prompted God to bring the Assyrians (745 B.C.) and Babylonians (587 B.C.) to attack Israel in its weakened state and a great majority of the prophets (Isaiah-Zephaniah) came on the scene at this time. Israel and Judah succumbed to their armies and the great majority of Israelites were either killed or taken captive to Assyria and Babylon. Jerusalem and its Temple were destroyed during the siege of King Nebuchadnezzar and his Babylonian army. One notable finding in archaeology includes the Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser III which is a large black piece of limestone which depicts the Israeli King Jehu (who reigned 841-814 B.C.)

    | Prophecy: God used Jeremiah to make a short-term prophecy that Israel would be slain and taken captive by Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon.

    • For this is what the LORD says: ‘I will make you a terror to yourself and to all your friends; with your own eyes you will see them fall by the sword of their enemies. I will hand all Judah over to the king of Babylon, who will carry them away to Babylon or put them to the sword. (Jeremiah 20:4)
    • “As surely as I live,” declares the Lord, “even if you, Jehoiachin son of Jehoiakim king of Judah, were a signet ring on my right hand, I would still pull you off. I will hand you over to those who seek your life, those you fear—to Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon and to the Babylonians. (Jeremiah 22:24-25)

    ———- 538-333 B.C.: Persian Empire ———-

    | Description: In 560 B.C., Cyrus the Great became king of Persia (which was then a small state in the Middle East) and within only 30 years had replaced the Babylonian empire. Although Nebuchadnezzar had turned to God and became a good king, his grandson Belshazzar had turned away and was slain. Darius the Mede (possibly known otherwise as “Gubaru” mentioned in the Nabonidus Chronicles) received Babylon under Cyrus the Great and ruled over the Jews at this time. Cyrus allowed them an autonomous living under a High Priest and even gave Ezra the means to lay the foundation of the new (2nd) Temple. Later on, King Artaxerxes helped Nehemiah finish the project. A notable finding in archaeology is the capital of Cyrus, Pasargadae, where his tomb lies.

    | Prophecy: There were 3 important prophecies that took place; 1 short-term and 2 long-term. The short-term prophecy was of the fall of Babylon after 70 years. The long-term prophecies were 1) Daniel’s outline of empires and 2) Isaiah’s call of Cyrus. Daniel (605-530 B.C.) interpreted Nebuchadnezzar’s prophetic dream, and had his own prophetic dream interpreted by the angel Gabriel, that Babylon would be replaced by the Persians and Medes (the “chest and arms of silver”). This would be the first of 5 kingdoms to come. Even before that prophecy came however, Isaiah (740-680 B.C.) mentioned Cyrus (by name) and said that he would do God’s will by helping build the 2nd Temple. This might help explain why Cyrus was so generous to the Jews.

    • This whole country will become a desolate wasteland, and these nations will serve the king of Babylon seventy years. “But when the seventy years are fulfilled, I will punish the king of Babylon and his nation, the land of the Babylonians, for their guilt,” declares the LORD, “and will make it desolate forever. I will bring upon that land all the things I have spoken against it, all that are written in this book and prophesied by Jeremiah against all the nations. They themselves will be enslaved by many nations and great kings; I will repay them according to their deeds and the work of their hands.” (Jeremiah 25:11-14)
    • “The head of the statue was made of pure gold, its chest and arms of silver, its belly and thighs of bronze, its legs of iron, its feet partly of iron and partly of baked clay. . . . After you [King Nebuchadnezzar], another kingdom will rise, inferior to yours. Next, a third kingdom, one of bronze, will rule over the whole earth. Finally, there will be a fourth kingdom, strong as iron—for iron breaks and smashes everything—and as iron breaks things to pieces, so it will crush and break all the others.” (Daniel 2:32-33,39-40)
    • Then I lifted my eyes and looked, and behold, a ram which had two horns was standing in front of the canal. Now the two horns were long, but one was longer than the other, with the longer one coming up last. I saw the ram butting westward, northward, and southward, and no other beasts could stand before him nor was there anyone to rescue from his power, but he did as he pleased and magnified himself. . . . . “The ram which you saw with the two horns represents the kings of Media and Persia.” (Daniel 8:3-4,20)
    • “It is I who says of Cyrus, ‘He is My shepherd! And he will perform all My desire.’ And he declares of Jerusalem, ‘She will be built,’ And of the temple, ‘Your foundation will be laid.’” (Isaiah 44:28)

    ———- 333-323 B.C.: Alexander the Great ———-

    | Description: Just after the Jews finished rebuilding their homeland, the Greeks came onto the scene with Alexander the Great of Macedonia on the forefront. In an interesting turn of events, the Jews welcomed Alexander and likewise, and equally perplexing, he took a liking to them and allowed them political and religious freedom. This expansion of Hellenism (Greek culture and ideals) brought about a dominant world language (Ancient Greek), bringing about the translation of the Hebrew Scriptures [Tanakh (the Old Testament)] in what came to be known as the Septuagint. These years were thriving times for the Jews.

    | Prophecy: During the reign of Alexander the Great there were 3 prophecies that took place. The first is the continuation of the prophecies in Daniel in which Alexander is the belly of bronze / goat of the west. The 2nd and 3rd are Zephaniah (640-609 B.C.) and Nahum’s prophecies that Nineveh (Assyria’s long-time capital) would fall and never rise again. Alexander ended up being the won to conquer Nineveh and archaeology has revealed a 30-45 foot layer of debris where the city used to stand.

    • “The head of the statue was made of pure gold, its chest and arms of silver, its belly and thighs of bronze, its legs of iron, its feet partly of iron and partly of baked clay. . . . After you [King Nebuchadnezzar], another kingdom will rise, inferior to yours. Next, a third kingdom, one of bronze, will rule over the whole earth. Finally, there will be a fourth kingdom, strong as iron—for iron breaks and smashes everything—and as iron breaks things to pieces, so it will crush and break all the others.” (Daniel 2:32-33,39-40)
    • While I was observing, behold, a male goat was coming from the west over the surface of the whole earth without touching the ground; and the goat had a conspicuous horn between his eyes. He came up to the ram that had the two horns, which I had seen standing in front of the canal, and rushed at him in his mighty wrath. I saw him come beside the ram, and he was enraged at him; and he struck the ram and shattered his two horns, and the ram had no strength to withstand him. So he hurled him to the ground and trampled on him, and there was none to rescue the ram from his power. . . . The shaggy goat represents the kingdom of Greece, and the large horn that is between his eyes is the first king. (Daniel 8:5-7,21)
    • “He will stretch out his hand against the north and destroy Assyria, leaving Nineveh utterly desolate and dry as the desert.” (Zephaniah 2:13)
    • “Nothing can heal your wound; your injury is fatal. Everyone who hears the news about you claps his hands at your fall, for who has not felt your endless cruelty?” (Nahum 3:19)

    ———- c. 323-142 B.C.: Ptolemies and Seleucids ———-

    | Description: After the death of Alexander the Great, his empire was split into 4 parts among his 4 generals (known as the Diadochi); Ptolemy (South), Cassander (West), Seleucus (East), Antigonus (North). The reach of Antigonus and Cassander was unsubstantial and didn’t last long, but the struggle of power between Ptolemy and Seleucus left Israel (under Ptolemy) caught in the middle once again. The two fought for 125 years and it ended with the Seleucids on top in 198 B.C.. The Jews retained their autonomy until Antiochus IV had come up on the throne. The new leader imposed restrictions on Jewish customs and attempted to force a Priest named Mattathias to sacrifice to a pagan god. At that point the Jews had enough and revolted (and ultimately defeated) his forces, recapturing Jerusalem in 164 B.C. (an event which is commemorated as the holiday Hanukkah). The force that fought against Antiochus, known as the Maccabees (the Hasmonean family; sons of Mattathias), eventually pushed the Seleucids out of Israel in 142 B.C..

    | Prophecy: The prophecies in Daniel continue with the Ptolemies and Seleucids as the bronze thighs and move on to the Romans who are mentioned as the iron legs / 4 horns who replaces the original horn [Alexander]. It is also interesting to note that the prophecy specifies that the 4 horns / winds will arise, but “not with his [Alexander’s] power”; meaning that it is not directed at the reign of Greece, but of Rome. It is also worth mentioning that later on in Daniel 8 it mentions that in the “latter period [Rome]” (verse 23) there will be a king that is “not of his own power” (verse 24) who will “oppose the Prince of princes [Jesus]” (verse 25). This may be referring to Pontius Pilate or Tiberius Caesar. (P.S. – I’m only mentioning the Romans here because the Roman period has a lot going on in it.)

    • “The head of the statue was made of pure gold, its chest and arms of silver, its belly and thighs of bronze, its legs of iron, its feet partly of iron and partly of baked clay. . . . After you [King Nebuchadnezzar], another kingdom will rise, inferior to yours. Next, a third kingdom, one of bronze, will rule over the whole earth. Finally, there will be a fourth kingdom, strong as iron—for iron breaks and smashes everything—and as iron breaks things to pieces, so it will crush and break all the others.” (Daniel 2:32-33,39-40)
    • Then the male goat [Alexander the Great] magnified himself exceedingly. But as soon as he was mighty, the large horn [Alexandrian Empire (Greece)] was broken; and in its place there came up four conspicuous horns toward the four winds of heaven. . . . “The broken horn and the four horns that arose in its place represent four kingdoms which will arise from his nation, although not with his power.” (Daniel 8:8,22)

    ———- c. 146 B.C.-A.D. 476: Roman Empire ———-

    | Description: The last of the Hasmoneans turned out to be a Mattathias’ son Simon who ended up ruling as governor and high priest of Judah. This conflicted with Mosaic Law (Exodus 40:12-15) and caused another internal divide which was an easy target for the newly formed Roman empire in 6 A.D. (ending an independence that lasted 80 years). More importantly (actually the most important thing) was the entrance of God into human history. The Greeks gave the world a common language and Rome brought a time of peace. The stage was set for Jesus to do His work and for His Message to spread like wildfire. Conceived 9/11/3 B.C., Birthed 6/17/2 B.C., Crucified 4/3/33 A.D., and Rising 3 days later, Jesus Christ came as a Sacrifice to save humanity from its sins and to make us complete so that He may present us to the Father. Though Christians became the guinea pigs for Nero’s fires in Rome (A.D. 64) and were cruelly slain, their Gospel message lived on. In the meantime, a rebellion against Rome began brewing with the Jews in A.D. 66 which ended with the destruction of the 2nd Temple in A.D. 70. Later in A.D. 130 the Romans renamed Jerusalem Aelia Capitolina, built a temple to their god Jupiter, and (after another revolt) banished the Jews from the land of Israel and renamed it “Syria Palaestina” (a mockingly Latin variance of Philistia, the Jew’s longtime foes; from where we get the name “Palestine” used today). Dozens of Jewish settlements did remain there, however. Apart from these events were the persecution of Christians under Diocletian (A.D. 245-316), Christianity becoming the religion of Rome under Constantine (A.D. 280-337), and the collapse of the empire in 476 under Romulus Augustulus [with east Roman occupation (the Byzantine empire) lasting until 1453].

    | Prophecy: Though there are numerous prophecies in which Jesus fulfilled, a few notable ones include the first promise of Salvation mentioned in Genesis (“Protoevangelium” as some call it), the promise of a prophet “like” Moses, the promise of an everlasting throne under David, the prophecy of a suffering Intercessor from Isaiah, the promise of a new Covenant to Jeremiah, the Rock as the 5th and final empire prophesied in Daniel (a double-prophecy), and the short/long-term prophecy of the 2nd Temple’s destruction by Jesus and Daniel.

    • Then the LORD God said to the woman, “What is this you have done?” The woman said, “The serpent deceived me, and I ate.” So the LORD God said to the serpent, “Because you have done this, “Cursed are you above all the livestock and all the wild animals! You will crawl on your belly and you will eat dust all the days of your life. And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and hers; he will crush your head, and you will strike his heel.” (Genesis 3:13-15)
    • The LORD your God will raise up for you a prophet like me [Moses] from among your own brothers. You must listen to him. (Deuteronomy 18:15)
    • “Your house and your kingdom will endure forever before me; your throne will be established forever.'” (2 Samuel 7:16)
    • But he was pierced for our transgressions, he was crushed for our iniquities; the punishment that brought us peace was upon him, and by his wounds we are healed. We all, like sheep, have gone astray, each of us has turned to his own way; and the Lord has laid on him the iniquity of us all. He was oppressed and afflicted, yet he did not open his mouth; he was led like a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is silent, so he did not open his mouth. . . . After the suffering of his soul, he will see the light of life and be satisfied. By his knowledge my righteous servant will justify many, and he will bear their iniquities. (Isaiah 53:5-7,11)
    • “The time is coming,” declares the LORD, “when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah. It will not be like the covenant I made with their forefathers when I took them by the hand to lead them out of Egypt, because they broke my covenant, though I was a husband to them,” declares the LORD. It will not be like the covenant I made with their forefathers when I took them by the hand to lead them out of Egypt, because they broke my covenant, though I was a husband to them,” declares the LORD. (Jeremiah 31:31-33)
    • “While you were watching, a rock was cut out, but not by human hands. It struck the statue on its feet of iron and clay and smashed them. Then the iron, the clay, the bronze, the silver and the gold were broken to pieces at the same time and became like chaff on a threshing floor in the summer. The wind swept them away without leaving a trace. But the rock that struck the statue became a huge mountain and filled the whole earth.” (Daniel 2:34-35)
    • Some of his disciples were remarking about how the temple was adorned with beautiful stones and with gifts dedicated to God. But Jesus said, “As for what you see here, the time will come when not one stone will be left on another; every one of them will be thrown down.” (Luke 21:5-6)
    • After the sixty-two ‘sevens,’ the Anointed One will be cut off and will have nothing. The people of the ruler who will come will destroy the city and the sanctuary. The end will come like a flood: War will continue until the end, and desolations have been decreed. (Daniel 9:25-26)

    ———- c. A.D. 476-1917: Islam, Crusades, & Turks ———-

    | Description: Although this is indeed a huge span of history, its direct prevalence to Biblical prophecy carries little importance. Because of this, only a short summary of each empire is necessary. To start, Mohammad (c. A.D. 570-632) had his prophetic call of Quranic revelations and made his journey from Mecca to Medina. After the death of Mohammad, the four “rightly guided caliphs” take over his ministry until A.D. 661 when Ali (the last of the caliphs) is assassinated. Later on the family of Umayyad, the 2nd of the caliphs, continues the Dynasty and expands the empire to eventually attack Constantinople (the former capital of emperor Constantine). In A.D. 691 the “Dome of the Rock” mosque is built over the remains of the 1st and 2nd Temple. The Islamic empire, with its various factions, continued to expand until the Christian Crusades fought back in A.D. 1095. The Crusaders took Jerusalem and held it until 1187 when the Ayyubid dynasty, under the Muslim Sultan Saladin, retook it. Crusaders were pushed out of Syria in 1291 at the same time the Mamluks (soldier slaves under the state of Turkey) began to take control. At this point, the Crusaders made a comeback and expelled the Muslim Moors from Spain but (sadly) did the same to Jews in the region. The Mamluks’ control lasted until A.D. 1516 at which point the Ottoman Muslims were emerging. The Ottomans dominated the Middle East for over 100 years but started its decline in the 17th century when English, Dutch, and Russian forces became more prominent. Starting with a push from Napoleon (in the late 18th century), Europe grew in population and power with its industrial revolutions. Failing to keep up with modernization, the Ottoman empire eventually reduced to what is now modern-day Turkey after WWI ended in 1918.

    | Prophecy: During this span of almost 1500 years, there were 3 important promises that were kept and 2 long-term prophecy beginning to take place. The three promises kept were 1) God’s allowance of Abraham’s, probably regrettable, wish that his son Ishmael be the father of a thriving nation (the Arabs; whom have been Israel’s greatest adversaries) and 2) that Israel would be a wasteland (a sight Mark Twain avouched to after his visit) 3) until the Jews return home. Of the 2 prophecies fulfilled, there was 1) the prophecy by Jesus that Jerusalem would be trampled until the “times of the Gentiles are fulfilled” (presupposing Israel’s continued existence; and possibly an allusion to the rapture) and 2) the return of the Jews to Israel (a.k.a. the “Aliyah”) from the north. The first Aliyah took place between 1882-1903 (mostly Russia) and the Second Aliyah from 1904-1914 (Russia and Poland).

    • And Abraham said to God, “If only Ishmael might live under your blessing! Then God said, “Yes, but your wife Sarah will bear you a son, and you will call him Isaac. I will establish my covenant with him as an everlasting covenant for his descendants after him. And as for Ishmael, I have heard you: I will surely bless him; I will make him fruitful and will greatly increase his numbers. He will be the father of twelve rulers, and I will make him into a great nation. But my covenant I will establish with Isaac, whom Sarah will bear to you by this time next year.” (Genesis 17:18-21)
    • “The whole land will be a burning waste of salt and sulfur–nothing planted, nothing sprouting, no vegetation growing on it. It will be like the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah, Admah and Zeboiim, which the LORD overthrew in fierce anger.” (Deuteronomy 29:23)
    • “‘But you, O mountains of Israel, will produce branches and fruit for my people Israel, for they will soon come home.” (Ezekiel 36:8)
    • “They will fall by the sword and will be taken as prisoners to all the nations. Jerusalem will be trampled on by the Gentiles until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled.” (Luke 21:24)
    • “See, I will bring them from the land of the north and gather them from the ends of the earth. Among them will be the blind and the lame, expectant mothers and women in labor; a great throng will return.” (Jeremiah 31:8)
    • “Come! Come! Flee from the land of the north,” declares the LORD, “for I have scattered you to the four winds of heaven,” declares the LORD. (Zechariah 2:6)

    ———- A.D. 1917-1948: British Empire ———-

    | Description: Even before WWI the British had been the protectors of the Jews, but in 1917 (in what is called the “Balfour Declaration”) Britain formerly declared that they favored a Jewish state in a letter from Lord Balfour to Lord Rothschild. Soon after, in 1919 about 40,000 Jews came from Russia in the 3rd Aliyah. Later, 80,000 Jews came (mostly from Poland) in 1924-32 for the 4th Aliyah, and 25,000 from Germany in the 5th (1933-39). In 1922, the British put their words into motion and granted a Mandate for Israel (by the League of Nations) which would mark the area of “Palestine.” This movement was not without Arab dissent however. Arab pressure caused Britain to cut 75% of the land (which originally included all of modern-day Israel, West Bank, and Trans-Jordan) off from Israel’s land plan and instigated a law withholding Jewish immigration. Further, anti-Israel feelings from Arabs brought about the Hebron massacre, riots, and an Arab boycott of companies doing business with Israel. Despite these turn of events, Jews continued to sneak into their promised land and kept faith that they would soon reclaim their land.

    | Prophecy: The continuing aforementioned Aliyahs.

    • “I will bring them back to live in Jerusalem; they will be my people, and I will be faithful and righteous to them as their God.” (Zechariah 8:8)
    • “I will surely gather them from all the lands where I banish them in My furious anger and great wrath; I will bring them back to this place and let them live in safety.” (Jeremiah 32:37)

    ———- A.D. 1948-Present: Jewish State ———-

    | Description: In 1947 the United Nations split the land plan in half (even further from the original 75% cut) in a proposal to accommodate the Arabs. The Jews accepted it and when the British mandate over the land ended, the Jewish state was formed and Israel had become autonomous once again on May 14, 1948. The Arabs within “Palestine” rejected this however, and attacked the very next day along with 5 other countries (Egypt, Syria, Transjordan, Lebanon, and Iraq). The “Israeli War of Independence” (as it’s called) lasted until July 1949 with Israel the miraculous victor. It’s also worth mentioning that the Arab countries expelled 820,000 Jews from their countries and told the Arabs in Israel to leave because there was going to be a war. These 650,000 (at the very most; more likely 472,000 or 360,000) Arabs would later choose to leave to Sudan or become the “Palestinian” [sic] refugees to occupy the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Israel offered full citizenship after the war ended, but many Arabs refused because of the initial promise from neighboring Arab countries to take them back. The overwhelming number of refugees caused Jordan and Egypt to renege on their promise however. Israel, on the other hand, received their own people (about 586,000 who chose to go to Israel), whom were expelled from other countries at a great monetary cost. Later in June 1967, Egypt, Jordan, and Syria moved in their armies and decided to attack again but was preemptively struck by Israel and was defeated in what was called the “Six-Day War” (in which Israel gained the West Bank). And 6 years after, the Arabs attacked again but this time on the holiest day of year for Jews–Yom Kippur–a day in which Jews could not perform work and thus be attacked ruthlessly. Despite a slow start to the “Yom Kippur War,” the Jews regained their bearings and held their land and ended the war in an treaty agreement with Egypt called the “Camp David Accords.” To the present day, there have been numerous terror attacks and warfare (whether it be physical attacks or social propaganda), yet Israel still dreams of peace (and hopefully a reclaiming of God’s Promised Land). Though as of now, the Jews’ vie for peace can be summed up in examples of their foreign policy; trade agreements of Gilad Shalit with Hamas, the Sinai Peninsula with Egypt, the Golan Heights with Lebanon, and the Gaza Strip and West Bank with the “Palestinians”. Israel offering what little it has while being trampled on by much of the world. And it will continue to be this way until the “times of the Gentiles are fulfilled.”

    | Prophecy: The most recent fulfillments include the birth of Israel in one day and the miraculous survival through several wars. These prophecies are specifically major because they are the most recent proof that the Bible (or at the very least, the Old Testament) is true. These events can be extra-Biblically validated even if a person were to look at the most recent copies of Biblical manuscripts and recent issues of news today.

    • “Who has ever heard of such a thing? Who has ever seen such things? Can a country be born in a day or a nation be brought forth in a moment? Yet no sooner is Zion in labor than she gives birth to her children.” (Isaiah 66:8)
    • “No weapon that is fashioned against you shall succeed, and you shall confute every tongue that rises against you in judgment. This is the heritage of the servants of the Lord and their vindication from me, declares the Lord.” (Isaiah 54:17)

     

    Future:

    – The 3rd Temple is being prepared to be rebuilt for the “Abomination” in the last days. (Dan 9:27)(Mark 13:14) [link]
    – Technology is being developed so that the “mark of the beast” makes trade easy. (Rev 13:17-18) [link]
    – Global communication is spreading so that “every eye will see” the 2nd Coming. (Rev 1:7) [link]

    Verses for Israel:

    OT:

    “Now the LORD had said to Abram [Abraham], ‘Depart from your country, and from your kindred, and from your father’s house, to a land that I will show you. And I will make of you a great nation, and I will bless you, and make your name great; and you shall be a blessing. And I will bless them that bless you, and curse him that curses you: and in you shall all families of the earth be blessed.'” (Genesis 12:1-3)

    “Sojourn in this land, and I will be with you [Isaac], and will bless you; for unto you, and unto you seed, I will give all these countries, and I will perform the oath which I swear unto Abraham your father. And I will make your seed to multiply as the stars of heaven, and will give unto your seed all these countries. And in your seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed; Because that Abraham obeyed my voice, and kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws.” (Genesis 26:3-5)

    “And your [Jacob] seed shall be as the dust of the earth, and you shall spread abroad to the west, and to the east, and to the north, and to the south: and in you and in your seed shall all the families of the earth be blessed. And, behold, I am with you, and will keep you in all places where ever you go, and will bring you again into this land; for I will not leave you, until I have done that which I have spoken to you of.” (Genesis 28:14-15)

    “Like a lion they crouch and lie down, like a lioness–who dares to rouse them? “May those who bless you be blessed and those who curse you be cursed!” (Numbers 24:9)

    “In Jerusalem, which I have chosen out of all tribes of Israel, will I put My name forever.” (2 Kings 21:7)

    “Indeed, He who watches over Israel never slumbers nor sleeps.” (Psalm 121:4)

    “Pray for the peace of Jerusalem: ‘May those who love you be secure. May there be peace within your walls and security within your citadels.’ For the sake of my brothers and friends, I will say, ‘Peace be within you.'” (Psalm 122:6)

    “Comfort, comfort my people, says your God.” (Isaiah 40:1)

    “Listen! Your watchmen lift up their voices; together they shout for joy. When the LORD returns to Zion, they will see it with their own eyes.” (Isaiah 52:8)

    “I have posted watchmen on your walls, O Jerusalem; they will never be silent day or night. You who call on the LORD, give yourselves no rest, and give Him no rest till he establishes Jerusalem and makes her the praise of the earth.” (Isaiah 62:6-7)

    “For this is what the LORD Almighty says: “After he has honored me and has sent me against the nations that have plundered you–for whoever touches you touches the apple of his eye.” (Zechariah 2:8)

    NT:

    – Jesus said to them, “I tell you the truth, at the renewal of all things, when the Son of Man sits on his glorious throne, you who have followed me will also sit on twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel. (Matthew 19:28)

    – “O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, you who kill the prophets and stone those sent to you, how often I have longed to gather your children together, as a hen gathers her chicks under her wings, but you were not willing. Look, your house is left to you desolate. For I tell you, you will not see me again until you say, ‘Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord.'” (Matthew 23:37-39; presupposes tribes still existing)

    – “So when you see standing in the holy place ‘the abomination that causes desolation,’ spoken of through the prophet Daniel–let the reader understand–then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains. Let no one on the roof of his house go down to take anything out of the house. Let no one in the field go back to get his cloak. How dreadful it will be in those days for pregnant women and nursing mothers! Pray that your flight will not take place in winter or on the Sabbath. (Matthew 24:15-20; presupposes Sabbath in land of Judea)

    – “They will fall by the sword and will be taken as prisoners to all the nations. Jerusalem will be trampled on by the Gentiles until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled.” (Luke 21:24; presupposes continued existence with gentiles)

    – So when they met together, they asked him, “Lord, are you at this time going to restore the kingdom to Israel?” He said to them: “It is not for you to know the times or dates the Father has set by his own authority. (Acts 1:6-7; time is set)

    – “And you are heirs of the prophets and of the covenant God made with your fathers. He said to Abraham, ‘Through your offspring all peoples on earth will be blessed.'” (Acts 3:25)

    – “He gave him no inheritance here, not even a foot of ground. But God promised him that he and his descendants after him would possess the land, even though at that time Abraham had no child.” (Acts 7:5)

    – You know what has happened throughout Judea, beginning in Galilee after the baptism that John preached–how God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Spirit and power, and how he went around doing good and healing all who were under the power of the devil, because God was with him. “We are witnesses of everything he did in the country of the Jews and in Jerusalem. They killed him by hanging him on a tree. (Acts 10:37-39, Land of the Jews)

    – For I [Paul] could wish that I myself were cursed and cut off from Christ for the sake of my brothers, those of my own race, the people of Israel. Theirs is the adoption as sons; theirs the divine glory, the covenants, the receiving of the law, the temple worship and the promises. Theirs are the patriarchs, and from them is traced the human ancestry of Christ, who is God over all, forever praised! Amen. (Romans 9:3-5, belongs–present tense)

    – I ask then: Did God reject his people? By no means! I am an Israelite myself, a descendant of Abraham, from the tribe of Benjamin. (Romans 11:1)

    – I do not want you to be ignorant of this mystery, brothers, so that you may not be conceited: Israel has experienced a hardening in part until the full number of the Gentiles has come in. And so all Israel will be saved, as it is written: “The deliverer will come from Zion; he will turn godlessness away from Jacob. And this is my covenant with them when I take away their sins.” (Romans 11:25-27)

    – As far as the gospel is concerned, they are enemies on your account; but as far as election is concerned, they are loved on account of the patriarchs, for God’s gifts and his call are irrevocable. (Romans 11:28-29)

    – Don’t let anyone deceive you in any way, for [that day will not come] until the rebellion occurs and the man of lawlessness is revealed, the man doomed to destruction. He will oppose and will exalt himself over everything that is called God or is worshiped, so that he sets himself up in God’s temple, proclaiming himself to be God. (2 Thessalonians 2:3-4, presupposes Temple)

    – By faith Abraham, when called to go to a place he would later receive as his inheritance, obeyed and went, even though he did not know where he was going. By faith he made his home in the promised land like a stranger in a foreign country; he lived in tents, as did Isaac and Jacob, who were heirs with him of the same promise. For he was looking forward to the city with foundations, whose architect and builder is God. (Hebrews 11:8-10)

    – Then I heard the number of those who were sealed: 144,000 from all the tribes of Israel. Then I heard the number of those who were sealed: 144,000 from all the tribes of Israel. from the tribe of Asher 12,000, from the tribe of Naphtali 12,000, from the tribe of Manasseh 12,000, from the tribe of Simeon 12,000, from the tribe of Levi 12,000, from the tribe of Issachar 12,000, from the tribe of Zebulun 12,000, from the tribe of Joseph 12,000, from the tribe of Benjamin 12,000. After this I looked and there before me was a great multitude that no one could count, from every nation, tribe, people and language, standing before the throne and in front of the Lamb. They were wearing white robes and were holding palm branches in their hands. (Revelation 7:4-9, 144,000 diff. than peoples in verse 9)

    – They are spirits of demons performing miraculous signs, and they go out to the kings of the whole world, to gather them for the battle on the great day of God Almighty. “Behold, I come like a thief! Blessed is he who stays awake and keeps his clothes with him, so that he may not go naked and be shamefully exposed.” Then they gathered the kings together to the place that in Hebrew is called Armageddon. (Revelation 16:14-16, Megiddo in Land of Israel)

    Bibliography:
    – A History of Israel by John Bright –
    – Civilizations of the Holy Land by Paul Johnson –
    – The Complete Idiot’s Guide to: Middle East Conflict by Mitchell G. Bard –
    – A History of the Jews by Paul Johnson –
    – Israel: A History by Martin Gilbert –
    – The Times: Atlas of World History –

    Recommended Sites:
    ~ https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/myths3/MFjerusalem.html ~
    ~ http://jcpa.org/publication/israel-at-war-primary-sources/ ~
    ~ http://www.mfa.gov.il/mfa/history/history of israel/ ~
    ~ http://www.jcrcboston.org/focus/support/israels-history/ ~
    ~ 100prophecies.org/ ~
    ~ israelipalestinian.procon.org/ ~
    ~ israaid.co.il/ ~
    ~ cufi.org/ ~

     

    Related Videos

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