PA: “Do you deny that science cannot account for everything?”
WLC: “Yes, I do deny that science can’t account for everything.”
PA: “So what can’t it account for?”
WLC: “Well, had you brought that up in the debate, I have a number examples I was going to give. I think there a good number of things that cannot be scientifically proven but that we’re all rational to accept.”
PA: “Such as?”
WLC: “Let me list five:
-Logical and Mathematical Truths cannot be proven by science. Science presupposes logic and math, so that to try and prove them by science would be arguing in a circle.
-Metaphysical truths like: “There are other minds other than my own or that the external world is real, or that the past was not created five minutes ago with an appearance of age” are rational beliefs that cannot be scientifically proven.
-Ethical beliefs about statements of value are not accessible by the scientific method. You can’t show by science whether the Nazi scientists in the camps did anything evil as opposed to the scientists in western democracies.
-Aesthetic judgments, number four, cannot be accessed by the scientific method because the beautiful, like the good, cannot be scientifically proven.
-And finally, most remarkably, would be science itself. Science cannot be justified by the scientific method. Science is permeated with unprovable assumptions. For example, in the special theory of relativity. The whole theory hinges on the assumption that the speed of light is constant in a one way direction between any two points: “a” and “b.” But that strictly cannot be proven. We simply have to assume that in order for it to hold to the theory.
-Dr. Peter Atkins & Dr. William Lane Craig