In common language an argument is a debate. In logic an argument is an attempt to justify a proposition (whether something exists, happened, or is true).
They are composed of premises (P1, P2, P3, etc.) that inference a conclusion (C). An example of arguments more formally look something like this:
P1: All men are mortal.
P2: Socrates is a man.
C: Therefore, Socrates is mortal.
Arguments, in routine conversation are usually put in the form of propositional (declarative) sentences. Of course there are also questions (interrogatory), commands (imperative), wishes (invocative), and interjections (exclamatory). Because of this, we must sort through conversations to see what’s what. There are indicator words for each however.
Keywords for premises include: because, since, given that, due to, inferred by, reason for, et. al.
Keywords for conclusions include: therefore, implies, it follows, in conclusion, thus, hence, entails, consequently, so, et. al.
I’m currently preparing for my next program for school. Part of the requirements include being competent in two English cognates (German and Latin). I also want to have a decent understanding of Hebrew, Koine Greek, Philosophical Mathematics, and Logic before I begin to do well. Because of this I plan to record each lesson). I’m titling the categories “Learn ___ with me” for each subject.
If anyone wants to come alongside me on my journey, I plan to restart all the subjects from the beginning to help me better retain the information. I can’t promise that I’ll get everything right which is why I’d like some “accountability partners” if you will.
Because I am also learning as we go, I will not be going in any strictly logical order. Although this may pose a problem sometimes, I hope that it will provide a more immersive and organic study into the subjects.
If you’d like to be part of this, just hit the “Email Subscription” button on the bottom right of this site or click “Follow” if you are a WordPress user.
Here’s the list of subjects in order of importance (to my program, that is):
- Useful Math
- Koine Greek
German is important because of the level of Biblical scholarship that comes out of Germany. Latin is important because of the number of Bible manuscripts written in Latin and its influence on modern languages. Logic is important because of its rigor in drawing responsible conclusions and the Useful Math will be ancillary to that process. Koine Greek and Hebrew are important because they are the dominant languages that the original manuscripts of the Bible were written in.
I have the categories listed at the bottom of this blog to collect the lessons. Just click on each category if you want to catch up. Also, feel free to comment to help correct any mistakes I make. I’m just learning so I’m sure there will be some.